Transportation plays an important role
in supporting day to day activities.

Walking, cycling and use of public transport are forms of active transport that can raise physical activity levels and improve wellbeing7. Infrastructures for active travel such as cycle routes and pedestrian barricades can have profound impact in reducing: dependency on car use, transport-related air pollution and risk of road traffic collisions8.

Findings from the literature review highlights a growing concern of the impact traffic-related air pollutants, particularly NO2 on pre/post-menopausal breast cancer, leukaemia and incidence of dementia. The evidence for the positive effect of walking and cycling infrastructures on physical activity and active travel was strong.

7 McCarthy, M., 2009. Transport and health.

8 Active Living Research (2015). Promoting Active Living in Rural Communities.

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