Proximity to high quality green space has been shown to reduce stress, anxiety and improve health and wellbeing
The natural environment plays an indispensable role in supporting life. The evidence linking the natural environment to various aspect of health including mental and physical health is well established. Engagement with the natural environment is beneficial for all ages and could be an effective means of addressing the widening inequality gap. Proximity to high quality green space has been shown to reduce stress, anxiety and improve health and wellbeing. Air pollution and noise pollution are important risk factors for non-communicable diseases including diabetes and cancer. A reduction in the levels of air pollution and noise pollution can considerably reduce the risk of adverse health outcomes.
Our findings corroborates existing evidence on the importance of improving the quality of the natural environment by reducing the level of traffic-related air pollution and noise pollution. We also found evidence demonstrating a positive effect of providing opportunities to access and engage with the natural environment on physical activity and mental health. Engagement with the natural environment is beneficial for all ages and access to green space could be an effective means of reducing health inequalities.